Garmin Head‐up Display (GHD) for Integrated Flight Decks
(GHD 2100) for super-midsize, midsize and light business aircraft. The GHD system incorporates modern optical design within a single display unit, projecting a crisp, clear view of pertinent flight information while also offering superior integration with Garmin Integrated Flight Decks for near seamless transition between the GHD and primary flight display (PFD). The GHD is a compact, self-contained projection system with a large 30-degree by 24-degree field of- view. Driven by the Garmin Integrated Flight Deck, the GHD projects a familiar presentation of critical flight information, symbology and more, contributing to increased operational benefits and providing optimal situational awareness throughout every phase of flight. The GHD has already been selected for the new super-midsize Cessna Citation Longitude.
Compact Form Factor with a Wide-angle Field of View
A small, compact projection system allows the GHD to be integrated into a variety of business aircraft cockpits while also maintaining comfortable head clearance. The GHD delivers a 30-degree, wide-angle field of view and is placed at a comfortable distance from the pilot’s head position. Information is displayed in an easy to read format and delivers supreme clarity and brightness in all lighting conditions. Whether in clouds, day or night, the GHD incorporates intelligent dimming, which automatically adapts to ambient light and allows a pilot to focus on flying the aircraft. Further reducing pilot workload, the GHD offers declutter mode so the pilot can optimize the display to suit their needs. The GHD boasts a simplistic control interface and offers similarities in tactile operation with the Garmin Integrated Flight Deck for an even more seamless transition throughout the cockpit.
Superior Integration with Garmin Integrated Flight Decks Because the GHD is highly integrated with the Garmin Flight Deck, consistent symbology is utilized between both systems so pilots experience a near-seamless transition when flying with the PFD or GHD. In addition to displaying flight-critical PFD information, the GHD displays conformal attitude and flight path information overtop the real-world view — alongside navigation data, flight plan information, autopilot modes, master warning/caution annunciations and more.
Also integrated into the GHD, SurfaceWatch™ technology provides visual and aural cues to help prevent pilots from taking off and landing on a taxiway, on a runway that is too short or on the wrong runway based on performance data entered during preflight. For example, while on approach to a land on a snow-covered runway or in an airport environment with reduced visibilities, SurfaceWatch highlights and outlines the pilot selected runway on the GHD and on the PFD so it’s easier to identify.
Flight Path Marker-based Flight Director
The Flight Path Marker within the GHD precisely displays where the aircraft is flying, taking into account aspects such as crosswind, angle of attack and other factors that impact the dynamic position and heading of the aircraft.
Coupled with a flight path-based flight director, the pilot can more easily establish desired aircraft flight path relative to the outside world. The Flight Path Marker includes additional features such as speed offset and velocity cue, allowing for precise energy management. Utilizing the Flight Path Marker, pilots are also provided with a complete view of aircraft performance information in a consolidated area. The combination of the Flight Path Marker and flight path-based flight director allows pilots to more easily establish and maintain a stabilized approach to land.
Powerful Situational Awareness with Synthetic Vision Technology (SVT™)
Pilots are provided with an enhanced level of situational awareness with SVT, which presents a 3D depiction of terrain, traffic, obstacles, the runway environment and more within the GHD, supplementing the outside view with pertinent flight information. A powerful graphics processor generates the synthetic vision view, which closely resembles the same SVT view on the Garmin Integrated Flight Deck. Because the synthetic vision image replicates what the pilot would see outside the cockpit on a clear day, pilots can more easily transition from flying with the GHD to the flight display or outside view.
Poised for Future Growth
The GHD is positioned to further expand its present capabilities. Future options such as integrating with external cameras, including Enhanced Vision Systems (EVS), provide significant improvements in situational awareness in fog and other low visibility situations. Additional future capabilities include integration with a Combined Vision System (CVS), which blends EVS and SVT images to present pertinent levels of detail to the pilot, particularly during approach and landing.
The GHD also allows the operator to pursue Special Authorization Category I (CAT I), as well as Special Authorization Category II (CAT II) Instrument Landing System (ILS) approach minima. The Garmin Head-up Display is expected to be available on select newly manufactured aircraft later this year.
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